XOLISA MFUNDISO MABHONGO (South Africa) noted that several African countries had decided to embark on the path of nuclear energy and recalled the IAEA`s support for infrastructure, training and capacity building. South Africa, with the support of the IAEA, has set up the continent`s first mosquito-carrying breeding site to eliminate malaria within its borders. For Africa`s only functioning nuclear power plant, Koeberg, near Cape Town, he said the IAEA would help South Africa build more facilities as part of its energy plan for the next decade. The Agency helped 126 Member States – 44 in Africa – to quickly detect COVID-19, a practical illustration of the IAEA motto “Atoms for Peace and Development “. South Africa is the only country in the world to have voluntarily dismantled its nuclear weapons programme and the IAEA has systematically verified the peaceful nature of its programme. He stressed the need to systematically strengthen the guarantee system and expressed concern about the development of nuclear programmes by some States without a rigorous protection system and called on all IAEA members to join the Non-Proliferation Treaty immediately. Mr. YURIY VITRENKO (Ukraine) noted that the balance between conceptual development and practical implementation was achieved through the development of a state-level approach. Ukraine has its own experience in implementing a state-level approach and its delegation is convinced that this system will effectively support the non-proliferation treaty. He said the Ukrainian peninsula, Crimea and the city of Sevastopol were occupied for the seventh consecutive year by the Russian Federation, a nuclear-weapon state that is also continuing its military aggression in the Donetsk and Luhansk regions of Ukraine.
As a result, IAEA inspectors cannot access places where nuclear materials are stored in Crimea and eastern Ukraine, and the aggression of the Russian Federation therefore inevitably requires a reassessment of the qualitative component of the concept at the state level. “The gradual transformation of Crimea into a huge military base could indicate the possibility of using nuclear capabilities in the occupied peninsula,” he noted, adding that this would undermine Ukraine`s status without nuclear weapons. Unfortunately, no measure assesses the effectiveness of IAEA protection measures for nuclear materials located in occupied territories in Ukraine or elsewhere.