National qualifications frameworks – if effectively established and maintained – which recognise and validate the skills acquired, can play an important role in facilitating an integrated approach to skills development. Effective labour market information services are also essential. With the support of the sectoral project, the BMZ has been able to position itself at national and international level on innovative themes and trends in vocational training. Low priority, lack of a comprehensive strategy and significant underfunding have led to the dispersion and fragmentation of the vocational training sector in many developing countries, with outdated equipment and a programme that is not adapted to the requirements of the labour market; and typically suffer from low esteem. .